2015年考研[微博]罗马尼亚(România卡塔尔国语语法长难句精析(后生可畏)

  第三日:抓住阅读五层递进——阅读必背句子

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  报考博士土耳其共和国语长难句深入分析涉及到各样题型,考生假使能够标准的知晓长难句,然后再结合各题型的技艺,考生在做题时就足以百发百中了,当然,最宗旨的词汇基本功是要贯穿到复习的顺序阶段,这段时间考生有了一定的词汇底工,并且对于根底语法也是有早晚的刺探,可是碰到长难句时就难以出手,下边老师给考生分享下何以精析长难句。

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有必要熟习长难句的品种以至它们各自的重视。今日先介绍长难句的把握方法,再付出一些一级的语句,建议熟读以至背诵,以成功考试时遇见相符句子就能够掀起要害。

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  1. The physicist rightly dreads preciseargument, since an argument
that is convincing only if it is precise loses allits force if the
assumptions on which it is based are slightly changed whereasan argument
that is convincing though imprecise may well be stable under
smallperturbations of its underlying assumptions。

  风流洒脱、 长难句常常应对计谋

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有必要熟习长难句的体系以至它们各自的第大器晚成。上面给出一些第一名的句子,提出熟读以致背诵,以产生考试时碰着相通句子就能够迷惑首要。

  深入解析:本句的定语从句相当多,首先要分清主干,然后依据从句调解语序:since后的宗旨是:an argument loses all its force,argument 后的that教导的是定语从句修饰argument,if带领的是规范状语从句,if后的骨干是:the assumptions are slightly changed.  on which 修饰assumption,
whereas后的骨干是:an argument may well be stable. 在那之中that是指导argument的定语从句,under前边的是状语。

  1.从句又多又长:二个主句带四个从句,从句中又满含从句

  1、复合句

  参谋翻译:地管理学家有理由顾忌正确的座谈,借使依据那么些商讨的只要产生变化,那么这几个值得信赖的商讨就能够错失它装有的威力,但是在暧昧的例如下,这些虽不正确但还值得信赖的研究恐怕照样值得思量。

  应对方法:先抓宗旨,寻觅复杂句中最基本的主谓宾,再层层展开

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal。

  2. He is referring to the upsurge ofinterest in mobile television, a
nascent industry at the intersection oftelecoms and media which offers
new opportunities to device-makers,content producers and mobile-network
operators。

  2.句子中蕴涵长长的插入成分:用插入语来交代某句话是何人说的也许是张嘴人的身价,或表明、表明前面包车型大巴剧情

  [组织解析]

  深入解析:本句的核心是:He is referring to the upsurgeof interest in
mobile television. 逗号后是同位语从句修饰mobile
television,在同位语从句中现身whichoffers new opportunities to
device-makers, content producers and mobile-networkoperators.
指引的定语从句,补充表明nascent industry。

  应对措施:明白句子主干时,先不理睬插入语,等把主句的意趣看完整,然后再看插入成分

  本句的主导是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When教导二个时刻状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是贰个并列排在一条线分句,表示原因,个中for前边的however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable辅导状语从句,表示妥洽。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是花样主语,前边的不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是的确的主语。

  参谋翻译:他聊起了公众对移动电视机的皇皇兴趣,那是贰个在邮电通讯和传播媒介世界有时断时续的新兴行业,它给道具创设商、TV内容制作者甚至移动互连网运行商提供了新的空子。

  3. 分词短语、独立主格结构的搅拌

  [仿效译文]

  3. Meanwhile, Apple Computer, whichlaunched a video-capable version
of its iPod portable music-player in October,is striking deals with
television networks to expand the range of shows thatcan be purchased
for viewing on the device, including “Lost”,

  应对格局:主句最首要的天性便是有总体的主谓结构,尤其是单独的谓语部分。一个相同句子的组织,若无独立的谓语部分,它就不是句子,而是分词短语、独立主格结构等,能够先跳过不看

  当艺术上的豆蔻梢头项国民党的新生活运动动抵达一定流行水平日,最佳先弄清该活动倡导者的目标,因为,无论他们的作文原则在后日看来多么牵强、多么荒诞,在以往那个理论有极大可能率会被视为符合规律的东西。

  “Desperate Housewives” and “Law &Order”。

  4. 二种情景的混合

  2、并列句

  剖析:本句相比长,现身了非定语从句的相间结构,本句的为主是:Apple
Computer is striking deals with television networks to expandthe range
of shows…,现身了which launched a video-capable version ofits iPod
portable music-player in October,引导的定语从句修饰Apple
计算机。That教导的定语从句修饰shows。句末的分词结构including“Lost”,
“Desperate Housewives”and “Law &Order”作陪伴状语,声明range
ofshows的具体内容。

  应对办法:在那早前向后,抓住独立的谓语部分,从而区分出主句和分词状语,再凭借主句与从句之间的连接词,区分出主句和从句,层层扩充明白,插入语在哪些等级次序,就坐落哪个等级次序精通

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner。

  参考翻译:与此同有时间,苹果计算机集团在四月贩卖了意气风发款能够观看电视机的便携式音乐播放器iPod,该公司大大扶持了TV网络扩充其可以供顾客购买的、用于在移动终端的剧目范围,

  二、 特殊句型

  [组织解析]

  包蕴《迷失》、《绝望的女主人》甚至《法律与秩序》。

  对于特种句型,如虚构语气,能够将其知道成风姿洒脱种反事实纵然,也等于作者的观点和姿态与之相反。对于分隔结构来讲,其基本经常在破折号、逗号和定语从句之外,阅读时能够先跳过修饰成分。对于涉及结构,要学会搜索第二有的,因为第4盘部偶然是句子的重大。如在not…but…之中,入眼在but…现在。

  那也是多个并列句,包涵三个分句。第三个分句的骨干是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,在那之中whether辅导二个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第三个分句的着力是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth。此处的意思是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、货品”,但在本文中,小编认为找职业正是推销本身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的乐趣是“(求职者的)经历或技能”。

  以上正是大家与考生疏享的语法长难句精析,希望考生们多做那地方的练习题,稳步精晓分析长难句的技巧。

  三、具体句子

  [参考译文]

  贰零壹肆年报考大学生西班牙语语法长难句精析(二)

  1.复合句

  与你说话时,恐怕成为您现在董事长的人会虚构你所受的训导、你的经历和您的任何经验是不是在雇佣你之后会给她推动益处。你的“经历”和力量必需有条有理、合理连贯地体现出来。

  考生在剖判土耳其(Turkey卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎语长难句时要留意语法在句子中的“混合着搭配”,对于综合语法的使用,考生要有能鉴定分别的鉴赏力,上面老师给考生详细剖析:

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.

  3、定语从句

  1. Some technologies do indeed improve at such a predictable pace
that theyobey simple formulae such as Moore’s law, which acts as a
battle plan for thesemiconductor industry。

  [参照译文]

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders。

  剖析:本句不是相当长,结构比较明晰,主句为Some technologies do indeed
improve at such a predictable pace thatthey obey simple formulae such as
穆尔’s law,这里考生要能识别出such…that…结构;前边的
which引导非节制性定语从句,修饰先行词formulae such as Moore’s
law,which在从句中作主语。

  当艺术上的豆蔻梢头项新活动达到一定流行水平日,最佳先弄清该运动倡导者的指标,因为,无论他们的著述原则在今日一言以蔽之多么牵强、多么荒唐,在今后那几个理论有十分大希望会被视为经常的事物。

  [协会拆解解析]

  参谋译文:的确,有些技巧的上进是以风姿浪漫种可预测的节拍实行着,它们据守Moore定律般简单的公式,好比是有机合成物半导体育工作业的行动布置。

  [布局深入分析]

  本句是多个一碗水端平句,以and连接;第一个分句的主导是The change met the
technical requirements…,前面包车型大巴介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表达met the technical requirements of the
new age的秘诀;第3个分句的大旨是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前面包车型大巴that辅导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的乐趣是“雇,聘”。

  2. Visit many online sites to research a car, and they will sell
your nameimmediately to local dealerships which will then harass you in
theold-fashioned way。

  本句的宗旨是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When辅导八个光阴状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是多个并列排在一条线分句,表示原因,在那之中for后边的however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable携带状语从句,表示妥协。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是情势主语,后边的不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是的确的主语。

  [参照译文]

  剖判:本句是and指导的多少个并列分句。注意前一分句简单了和后一分句相通的主语they(指代互连网出卖商)。同期也足以知晓为是:祈使句+and+日常现在时,后一分句中,they
will sell your nameimmediately to local
dealerships是主句,关系代词which指点定语从句whichwill then harass you in
the old fashioned way,which指代上文的一整句话。

  2.并列句

  通过聘用多量的工作人才,那意气风发转移满足了新时期的技能必要,制止了成效收缩——在过去,这种频率下跌日常使宗族集团在充满活力的创办实业者以往的第二代或第三代毁掉全数资产。

  参谋译文:网络出售商通过访谈多量的网址去追寻风姿浪漫部车,然后就能够把您的名字提要求地方的承包商,那又会令你重回到早先这种购肢人体模型特式所带来的干扰中。

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner.

  4、名词性从句

  3.  Even China’s population will be declining bythe early 2030s,
according to the UN, which projects that by 2050 populationswill be
lower than they are today in 50 countries。

  [参照译文]

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request。

  拆解深入分析:本句的主句为China’s population will be declining by the early
2030s。其后的定语从句which projects that by 2050populations will be
lower than they are today in 50
countries修UN,关系代词在从句中作主语,注意这里project作动词用,译为“提议”,且从句里使用了比较级。

  与你开口时,大概成为您以往CEO的人会设想你所受的教育、你的资历和您的任何资历是或不是在雇佣你之后会给她推动益处。你的“经历”和力量必需井然有序、合理连贯地展示出来。

  [布局分析]

  参谋译文:联合国有关报告提议,即正是中中原人民共和国,到2030年开始的一段时代人口也将起来递减。那份报告还要还提议,到2050年,将有肆拾三个国家的人口低于前不久的等级次序。

  [组织深入剖判]

  本句的基本是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,此中notion后边的that带领二个同位语从句,表明notion的具体内容;同位语从句的着力是the
information…comes there…,个中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  4.  That is surely how history will judge moderncriticism of video
games, which are accused of turning young people intoviolent
criminals.        

  那也是一个并列排在一条线句,富含三个分句。第叁个分句的核心是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,此中whether引导三个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第叁个分句的主导是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth.此处的意思是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、货色”,但在本文中,我认为找职业便是推销自身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的意趣是“(求职者的)经验或技艺”。

  [参照译文]

  拆解解析:本句的主句是主系表结构:That is surely how history will judge
modern criticism of
videogames,在那之中表语是how辅导的名词性从句,定语从句which are accused
ofturning young people into violent criminals修饰video
games,关系代词which指代先行词videogames,which在从句中作主语,考生要小心这里运用了被动语态be
accused of,在翻译时我们译成主动。

  3.定语从句

  互联网知识极其尊重这样后生可畏种意见:出现在客户荧屏上的新闻应该是基于顾客特定供给发送过来的。

  参谋译文:对于前几天临时那多少个指控TV游戏使青少年产生暴力犯人的商酌者们,历史最后也将对他们作出同样的批判。

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders.

  5、状语从句

  以上正是导师与大家大饱眼福的语法在长难句中的应用,希望考生能够认真总计句子中的语法,多练习,熟习驾驭。

  [参谋译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening。

  (随笔来源:文都教育)

  通过雇用多量的专门的学业人才,那风流洒脱转换满意了新时期的技能须要,幸免了频率下降——在过去,这种频率收缩通常使宗族公司在充满活力的创办实业者随后的第二代或第三代毁掉全体资金财产。

  [结构深入分析]

  [协会拆解深入分析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,在那之中第叁个分句的基本是many
say…,say前面包车型大巴片段是宾语从句,此中还带有三个as辅导的投降状语从句。

  本句是三个并列句,以and连接;第三个分句的骨干是The change met the
technical requirements…,后边的介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表明met the technical requirements of the
new age的办法;第一个分句的着力是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前边的that辅导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的情致是“雇,聘”。

  [参照译文]

  4.名词性从句

  消费者们看上去只是有个别担忧,而并未有恐慌,相当多花费者说固然她们正在把开辟压缩一点,但是他们对经济的遥远前途依然维持乐天。

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request.

  6、特殊结构

  [参照译文]

  (1)强调句

  网络文化特别珍视那样大器晚成种意见:出今后客商显示屏上的新闻应该是基于顾客特定必要发送过来的。

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating。

  [布局解析]

  [组织解析]

  本句的骨干是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,此中notion前面包车型客车that教导一个同位语从句,表达notion的具体内容;同位语从句的着力是the
information…comes there…,当中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  那是一个重申句,基本构造是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被强调有个别是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,此中的核心词是suffering,有多个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering那个词除了是被重申的黄金年代对外,依旧背后that引导的从句的主语;在that辅导的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of引导的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听我们吩咐)这一个定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表明ideal的性状。

  5.状语从句

  [参谋译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening.

  只怕就是因为人类长久以来受到旱灾和涝灾摆布的切肤之痛,才使她们制伏雨涝的大好显得如此别有天地。

  [参照译文]

  (2)倒装结构

  花费者们看上去只是有些忧虑,而并没有恐慌,超多花费者说就算她们正在把开拓压缩一点,可是他们对经济的悠长前途还是维持乐天。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West。

  [组织解析]

  [结构解析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,在那之中第一个分句的主导是many
say…,say前面包车型地铁局地是宾语从句,此中还蕴涵一个as辅导的投降状语从句。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子出现存的倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一同使用,也正是最高档。dramatize此处的情趣是“非凡显示,使…戏剧化”。

  6.异样结构

  [参照译文]

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating.

  一九七六年United States的人口普遍检查数据注明,未有哪个地点比美利坚合众国最西边更能特出体现意大利人想搜寻更广阔的生存空间。

  [参照译文]

  (3)比较结构

  只怕正是因为人类长久以来直面旱灾和涝灾摆布的切肤之痛,才使他们克服洪涝的名牌产品特产产品优品显得如此令人神往。

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English。

  [结构深入分析]

  [组织解析]

  那是三个重申句,基本社团是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被重申有个别是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,当中的中央词是suffering,有四个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering那么些词除了是被重申的风姿罗曼蒂克对外,还是背后that引导的从句的主语;在that指引的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of教导的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听我们吩咐)这一个定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表明ideal的天性。

  本句是多少个并列排在一条线句,包蕴八个以and连接的分句,当中第1个分句比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and
no more regrettable,这一片段作上述宾语的补足语,最后是比较结构no
more… than… (像…同样不…)。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West.

  [仿效译文]

  [参考译文]

  迈克Wat先生的学问专长是语言史和言语变化。比方来讲,他感到“whom”后生可畏词的逐月消失是很自然的,像古英中词格结尾的一无往返同样不令人痛惜。

  1979年美利坚同盟国的人口普遍检查数据注解,未有哪位地点比美国最南边更能非凡显示德国人想搜寻更广泛的生存空间。

  (4)分隔结构

  [组织分析]

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身实时势部倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一起使用,也正是最高档。dramatize此处的意趣是“优质体现,使…戏剧化”。

  [结构拆解深入分析]

  7.分隔结构

  本句的主干是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前边的however表示本句与前一句产生对照,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,个中with regard to的意味是“关于…”;
for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是贰个并列排在一条线分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature; for前边的从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示妥洽,作状语;破折号之间的局地even admitting that…
也是迁就状语,在那之中that 带领四个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又包涵定语从句on which it is based。

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature.

  [参照译文]

  [参谋译文]

  然则就以后主义随想来说,景况就很难说了,因为不管今后主义诗歌是怎么样——固然承认其论理底蕴是不利的——也很难将其归为文化艺术。

  然则就今后主义散文来讲,景况就很难说了,因为随意以往主义随想是怎么样——就算承认其论理幼功是不错的——也很难将其归为文化艺术。

  来源:万学海文

  [结构解析]

  本句的主题是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前面包车型地铁however表示本句与前一句产生对照,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,个中with regard
to的情致是“关于…”;for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是多个并列分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature;for前边的从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示妥洽,作状语;破折号之间的某个even admitting that…
也是妥胁状语,个中that 教导贰个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又满含定语从句on which it is based。

  8.提到结构

  A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the antiscience tag
has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who
advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus
to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.

  [参谋译文]

  一九九七年进展的大器晚成项新闻考察申明,反科学的价签还被贴在其他超级多公司身上——从力主肃清最终剩余的各类天花病毒的机关,到主持收缩应用研讨经费的共和党人。

  [组织解析]

  本句的基本是A survey…reveals
that…,主语是survey,谓语是reveals,后边的that教导一个宾语从句,其基本是:the
antiscience tag has been attached to many other groups as
well,后边的局地是from和to连接的五个名词:from authorities…to
Republicans…,表明other
groups的内容,而多少个名词前边各自带三个定语从句,都由who指导。

  The astonishing distrust of the news media isn’t rooted in
inaccuracy or poor reportorial skills but in the daily clash of world
views between reporters and their readers.

  [参照他事他说加以考查译文]

  读者对音讯媒体令人惊异的不信并非来自报导失实或通信技巧非常差,而是来自报事人和读者之间世界观的日常冲突。

  [结构剖判]

  本句的中坚是distrust … isn’t rooted in… but in…
(不信的起点不是…而是…),个中be rooted in…
的意思是“根源在于…”。注意:这是意气风发种奇特句式,入眼在but之后的生龙活虎对。

  9.难词与词组

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English.

  [参照译文]

  迈克Wat先生的学问长于是语言史和语言变化。比释迦牟尼讲,他感到“whom”朝气蓬勃词的稳步消失是很当然的,象古立陶宛共和国(Republic of Lithuania卡塔尔语中词格结尾的熄灭同样不令人惋惜。

  [组织解析]

  本句是七个比量齐观句,包含八个以and连接的分句,当中第三个分句相比复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and no
more regrettable,这一片段作上述宾语的补足语,最后是相比结构no more…
than… (象…同样不…)。

  10.指代

  “The term ‘antiscience’ can lump together too many, quite different
things,” notes Harvard University philosopher Gerald Holton in his 1993
work Science and Anti-Science, “They have in common only one thing that
they tend to annoy or threaten those who regard themselves as more
enlightened.”

  [参照译文]

  巴黎综合理法高校医学教师杰拉尔德•霍尔顿在她壹玖玖壹年出版的《科学和反科学》风流倜傥书中提出:“‘反科学’风度翩翩词把太多特不相近的内容一概而论——而那一个剧情只有好几是一齐的,那就是它们往往惹恼或然恐吓到那么些自以为比旁人知识越多的人。”

  [协会深入解析]

  本句是三个从来引语,说话人是Harvard University philosopher Gerald
霍尔特on,动词note在这处的情致是“提出”。直接引语的率先部分是个简易句,个中lump
together的字面意思是“把…同日而道,把…合并到一齐”。直接引语的第二有的比较复杂,主干是They
have in common only one thing…,that they tend to annoy or threaten
those…是同位语从句,表明先行词one
thing的具体内容,在那之中those带有一个修饰它的定语从句who regard themselves
as more
enlightened。那朝气蓬勃部分的难点之一是代词的替代难点:第1个they指代直接引语第豆蔻梢头有的的too
many, quite different
things,因为they平常代表复数名词;第4个they也是相通;themselves就近指代前边的those,指人。要看清指代关系,能够依附“单复数”和“就近原则”等规范实行,然后将规定的代表对象代入,看是还是不是流畅和合乎逻辑。

  (本文撰写时参照了李传伟编慕与著述的《二〇〇八年考研匈牙利(Magyarország卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)语真题长难句突破》和《2009年考研斯拉维尼亚语阅读真题全方位突破》)

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