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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都以讲求考生就某种现实情况或意见公布本身的思想,内容多是考生所熟习的社会热点话题或大学生生活主题材料。写好四级作文有多个关键点:第黄金年代,依据意国语的发挥习于旧贯来计划撰写结构;第二,用自个儿深谙的德文词汇、句式和句型准确地写出团结的看法和观念。因而,老师将依照承上启下的结构布局,为大家详细介绍一下作文中常用的重大涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为我们四级写作提供实用的素材。

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  (一)起

后生可畏、初阶句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学时有时无起先,超多过初试的考生已经上马了恐慌的复试思谋,让大家最棒顾忌的是塞尔维亚语复试的备考。能还是不能够获取最终的打响,保加利亚共和国(Народна република България卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)语复试是二个首要。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自小编说大话还可以够提前背大器晚成背,可固然抽到四个无约束的话题让我们开展陈述的话,就能够有必然的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍两种张开话题的章程,希望大家能够使用上,使自身的说话表达更为的留芳百世通畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 综上说述,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 能够料定地说……

  因果法是用来表明“为啥”的难题。我们得以依靠三个结果去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为依靠,前后经过要合乎逻辑和法规。举个例子:“你为啥考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如俗语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(民间语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必得注意到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普及认为…

  定义法可以用来演说“是哪些”的标题,即用风流倜傥段话来解释表达有些抽象的概念或具体育赛事物的性子、特征、用处、原理等。举例:What
is honesty? 我们得以用如下情势来拓宽演说:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 那大概是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它差非常的少从未太多的说…

  例证是为着申明主旨而存在的。当核心为理论性或概述的论点时,就必要通过举例或例证来加以辅助,以说性格很顽强在荆棘丛生或巨大压力面前不屈听者,同一时间要小心逻辑严密。举个例子:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…亟需非常注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关乎词语或根本词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…不可否认,无可否认

  总的来讲,考研复试时,获得标题后应及时审题,积极考虑,找好切人点,把出口的框架打好腹稿,那样会让你的阐释更具逻辑性。张开的办法便是利用因果法、定义法、例证法等。此外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神调换,牢牢地掀起对方的集中力。在复试前的关键时代,我们自然要多操练与人调换的技巧。祝大家考研复试顺遂,超过常规发挥,顺遂跻身本人敬慕的这个学校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 未有何样比那更重要的是…

  源于:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更首要的是…

  举例:

二、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

1.A case in point is … 二个优良的事例是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…是因为常常景况下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
然则主题材料其实不然轻松,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但可惜的是…

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

6.For all that…对于那全部…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 其它,大家坚定不移以为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…但是,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型。9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,大家要在乎…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于如今地势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如上边所关联的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar) 从那个角度上我们能够说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
可是我们还得看看事物的一面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

三、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最终作者要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因而,我们有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

3.All things considered,同理可得 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…由此,以作者之见,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过上述商量,大家能够得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数量大家赢得的结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从当中大家能够得出那样的定论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…以小编之见……只怕更加好

  转折:

四、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

五、常用来引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

1.Some people think that … 某人觉着…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。率直地说,小编不能够同意他们的观念,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……一向被视为……,但明日的图景有异常的大的不一致。

  (四)合

3.I believe the title statement is valid because…
小编以为那些论点是不利的,因为…

  1. 事关词汇或首要词汇:

4.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …小编不能够完全同意这一见解的…
I believe…

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a
result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by
and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly
speaking

5.My argument for this view goes as follows。笔者对那几个题目标意见如下。

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

6.Along with the development of…, more and more…随着……的升华,越多…

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

7.There is a long-running debate as to
whether…有二个漫漫运维的争鸣,是或不是…

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

8.It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized
that…它平日是感到…

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to
stop/prevent…

9.As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the
latter。就自个儿来讲,作者完全同意前边八个/前面一个。

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we
will have a brighter future of…

10.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the
argument of both sides。在付出小编的眼光早先,作者想有要求看看相互的论证。

  以上那个语汇、短语和句型对于考生来讲都是生龙活虎对大器晚成有效的作文素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在检查实验中能够运用纯熟。

六、表示比较和对待的常用句型和表明法

1.A is completely / totally / entirely different from B。

2.A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect。

3.A and B differ in…

4.A differs from B in…

5.The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in…

6.Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B…

7.A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B…

8.While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B…

9.Despite their similarities, A and B are also different。

10.Both A and B … However, A…; on the other hand, B…

11.The most striking difference is that A…, while B…

七、演绎法常用的句型

1.There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to
three major ones。有多少个原因……,但貌似,他们得以总结为多个重要的。

2.There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are
the most typical ones。有那一个要素只怕占…,但以下是最杰出的。

3.Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following
ones may be most
effective。有不菲格局能够解决这么些主题材料,但下边包车型大巴恐怕是最得力的。

4.Generally, the advantages can be listed as
follows。通常的话,那些优势能够列举如下。

5.The reasons are as follows。

八、因果推理法常用句型

1.Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot。

2.If we read the book, we would learn a lot。

3.We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence /
consequently / for this reason / because of this, we‘ve learned a lot。

4.As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we‘ve
learned a lot。由于阅读那本书,大家曾经学到了多数。

5.The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much。

6.Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much。

7.The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight。

8.Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight。
吃太多引致相当重。

九、段首万能句子

1。关于……大家有两样的观念。一些人感到……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ 。Some people
suggest that ____。

2。民间语说(俗语道卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎……,它是我们前辈的经验,但是,即便在前些天,它在重重地方照旧适用。

There is an old saying______。It“s the experience of our
forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today。

3。以后,……,它们给我们的平时生活带来了好些个有剧毒。首先,……;其次,……更为不佳的是……

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily
life.First, ____ Second,____。What makes things worse is
that______。

4。未来,……很司空眼惯,许四人赏识……,因为……,别的(何况卡塔尔……

Nowadays,it is common to ______。Many people like ______
because ______。Besides,______。

5。任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。(www.lz13.cn卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)它既有有益的后生可畏边,也会有不利的少年老成端。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has
both advantages and disadvantages。

6。关于……大家的观点各不近似,一些人觉着(说卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)……,在他们看来,……

People‘s opinions about ______ vary from person to person.Some
people say that ______。To them,_____。

7。人类正面前境遇着一个严重的难点……,那几个难点变得进一层严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and
more serious。

8。……已成为人的关怀的火热话题,非常是在年青人中间,将抓住激烈的申辩。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the
young and heated debates are right on their way。

9。……在大家的平时生活中起着特别首要的效率,它给大家带来了数不胜数好处,但与此同期也吸引部分严重的难题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our
day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some
serious problems as well。

10。根据图片/数字/总结数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图能够看见……很鲜明……,然而为何吧?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar
graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______
while.Obviously,______,but why?

十、中间段落万能句子

1。相反,有点人扶助……,他们相信……,何况,他们以为……

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___。At the same
time,they say____。

2。不过,笔者以为那不是消灭……的好法子,举个例子……最倒霉的是……

But I don”t think it is a very good way to solve ____。For
example,____。Worst of all,___。

3。……对我们国家的升高和建设是必要的,(也是卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎极其关键的。首先,……並且……,最注重的是……

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and
construction.First,______。What”s more, _____。Most
important of all,______。

4。有多少个可供大家秉承的法子。首先,大家可以……

There are several measures for us to adopt.First, we can______

5。面前蒙受……,大家应有使用风度翩翩多种立竿见影的艺术来……一方面……,另一面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective
measures to______。For one thing,______For
another,______

6。早已应该拿出游动了。举个例子说……,其它……全部这一个方法确定会……

It is high time that something was done about it.For
example。_____。In addition。_____。All these measures will
certainly______。

7。为何……?第3个原因是……;第一个原因是……;第多少个原因是……简单来说,……的首要缘由是出于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______。The second
reason is ______。The third is ______。For all this, the
main cause of ______due to ______。

8。可是,正如任何事物都有优劣三个方面雷同,……也可以有它的不利的三只,象……

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides,
______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______。

9。就算如此,作者信任……更有扶持。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous。

10。完全同意……这种观念(陈诉卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎,首要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______。

十意气风发、结尾万能句子

1。至于自己,在某种程度上自家同意后边的视角,笔者认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some
extent.I think that ____。

2。简来说之,整个社会应该留意关心……这一个主题素材。只有这么,大家技术在现在……

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem
of ______。Only in this way can ______in the future。

3。然而,……和……都有它们分其他优势(好处)。比如,……,而……不过,把这两侧相相比较,笔者更赞成于(喜欢卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)……

But ______and ______have their own advantages.For example,
_____, while_____。Comparing this with that, however, I
prefer to______。

4。就自己个人来说,我唯命是听……,由此,作者坚信美好的未来正等着大家。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____。Consequently, I‘m confident that
a bright future is awaiting us because______。

5。随着社会的前行,……由此,殷切供给……假使各类人都愿为社会进献自已的风度翩翩份力量,这些社会将要变得更好。

With the development of society, ______。So it“s urgent and
necessary to ____。If every member is willing to contribute himself
to the society, it will be better and better。

6。至于自个儿(对作者的话,就小编来说卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar),小编觉着……更合理。只犹如此,大家技术……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____。Only in this way can
you _____。

7。对本身的话,小编认为有供给……原因如下:第风华正茂,……;
第二,……;最终……但相近主要的是……

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____。The reasons are as
follows.First _____。Second ______。Last but not
least,______。

8。在完整上很难说……是好依旧坏,因为它在超级大程度上有赖于……的地形。不过,就自身个人来说,小编发觉……

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it
depends very much on the situation of______。However, from a
personal point of view find______。

9。简单来说,大家能够领略地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the
conclusion that____。

10。假如大家不选择有效的办法,就恐怕调节不了这种趋势,就能够现出有的竟然的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and
some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do
is_____。

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